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How is Tympanoplasty Performed?

Tympanoplasty is the surgical repair of an eardrum hole, often known as a perforated eardrum. It takes two hours or longer and is performed as an inpatient procedure under general anesthesia (or occasionally under local anesthesia).

Tympanoplasty is frequently performed on children who use sharp objects or fidget with their ears, although it may also be necessary on adults in some circumstances who tamper with their eardrums by using sharp objects like keys, pins, and matchsticks which results in the rupture of the eardrum. Eardrum perforation may result from chronic infection, or less commonly from the trauma of the eardrum.



Tympanoplasty Procedure

  • A tympanoplasty is performed if you have a large hole in your eardrum or if you have a chronic eardrum infection that cannot be easily healed by the use of antibiotics. This process involves the proper attention given to the patient and keeping him in the hospital for proper monitoring.
  • The tympanoplasty recovery in adults is quite good but then also it carries a certain amount of risk with it. The surgeon will either go through the ear canal to repair the eardrum or will make an incision at the back of the ear. 

The signs of tympanoplasty failure are-

  • That you may bleed more than the expected
  • Infection
  • The sense of taste may get damaged
  • Dizziness
  • The eardrum may get worse and the tear may become bigger
  • The hearing loss can be converted into permanent hearing loss 
  • The ear infections can become chronic or may spread to other parts of the body.

What are Complications associated with Tympanoplasty?

 The most common tympanoplasty complications:

  1. Failure of the graft
  2. An extremely rare chance of hearing loss
  3. Facial paralysis due to nerve damage
  4. Tinnitus or a sensation of noise in the ear
  5. Abnormal taste or even dryness in the mouth
  6. A feeling of dizziness for several hours after the surgery

Are there any side effects of Tympanoplasty?

The side effects of tympanoplasty are rare and not found in most cases. There is always some type of risk involved with any kind of surgery you will undergo. The complications can range from mild to severe depending on the person who performed the surgery and also the intensive care received by the patient after the operation.

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