Possible complications after endoscopic hernia repair .
No surgeon can rule out any intra-operative or post-operative complications but a knowledge of the anatomy, advanced skills and experience of the surgeon will definitely reduce the chance of having a complication to almost Zero %.
Complications are divided into intra-operative and post-operative complications.
Intra-operative complications are for example, bleeding or injuries of the neighbouring structures.
Post-operative complications are for example:
- Seroma (clear fluid after surgery) formation.
- Hematoma (solid swelling of clotted blood) formation.
- Urinary retention 1.5%–4% especially in elderly patients with prostatism.
- Neuralgia (intermittent pain along the course of the nerve) about 0.5%-4%.
- Testicular pain and swelling about 0.9%-1.5%.
- Mesh infection and wound infection (very rare).
- Consequences of the intra-operative injuries.
Complication of the open technique are nearly the same, In our opinion, non of the above is considered a major complication and should not deter the patient from considering the operation.
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