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Pericoronitis in dentistry


Have you heard of state called Pericoronitis in dentistry?

The wisdom teeth (Third Molar) usually start to erupt into the oral cavity during late adolescence.

During the eruption of the wisdom tooth in some cases, they might not have the space or come in partial abnormal positions make it below the occlusal level, that leads sometimes for inflammation of the tissues surrounding the tooth because either holding food particles and debris and is a hotbed for bacteria causing infection or keep biting that gum in between your teeth during having food or talking.

This case is called pericoronitis which can be either short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic) & usually develops in people between 20 - 40 years old.

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What are the symptoms of Pericoronitis?

The symptoms of pericoronitis can be different in between patients depending on the severity of the infection or the tooth position inside the oral cavity.

These symptoms might be either acute or chronic & include:

  • Acute symptoms (Last usually 3-4 days)
  • Severe pain near your back teeth
  • Swelling of the gum tissues (caused by an accumulation of fluid)
  • Infection that might lead to a fever
  • Pus discharge
  • Trismus (lockjaw)
  • Bad taste or bad mouth odour in the mouth (caused by pus leaking or food accumulation)
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
Chronic symptoms (Last usually 1-2 days but keep recurring)
  • Dull pain or ache at the tooth site
  • Mild discomfort
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Swollen gum in the affected area


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